Angelman syndrome is a neurological genetic disorder that causes physical and intellectual disabilities.

How Angelman syndrome affects the body

Developmental delays in Angelman syndrome affect fine motor skills, which can cause difficulty in performing daily activities, while brain involvement causes problems in sensory processing or the ability to react to information received from any of the senses: touch, vision, taste, smell, and hearing.

Therefore, children with Angelman find it difficult to perform self-care activities, have poor hand-eye coordination, and may become overwhelmed by any form of sensory stimulus.

How can occupational therapy help?

Occupational therapy can help these children to overcome their motor difficulties and become as independent as possible.

Since the symptoms of Angelman syndrome vary from patient to patient, the occupational therapist will first thoroughly evaluate the patient to understand their functional status and ability to perform daily activities. The therapist will then create an individualized plan based on the patient’s needs and schedule therapy sessions with activities that can help the patient.

Occupational therapy focuses on developing specific skills that can help the children perform daily activities and improve their social interaction. The activities in an occupational therapy session are aimed at improving:

  • Fine motor and visual skills to help children develop the use of their hands and be able to hold crayons, grasp small objects such as mugs, play with toys, gain balance, and alleviate gait issues.
  • Oral motor function and feeding skills so children can use forks and spoons to feed themselves, drink water from cups, and use their lips, tongue, and cheeks to move food in their mouths and chew properly.
  • Personal habits by teaching them to perform self-care activities such as brushing their teeth, bathing, and dressing.
  • Visual perception and sensory awareness to help patients develop appropriate muscle responses to any sight, touch, taste, smell, or sound.

The occupational therapist can also provide instructions for home exercises and recommendations for adaptations at home and school, which can make daily activities easier for the child.

They can also recommend aids and adaptations, such as leg braces and wheelchairs, to help with mobility difficulties.

 

Last updated: September 8, 2019.

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Angelman Syndrome News is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. 

Vijaya Iyer is a freelance science writer for BioNews Services. She has contributed content to their several disease-specific websites, including cystic fibrosis, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, among others. She holds a PhD in Microbiology from Kansas State University, where her research focused on molecular biology, bacterial interactions, metabolism, and animal models to study bacterial infections. Following the completion of her PhD, Dr. Iyer went on to complete three postdoctoral fellowships at Kansas State University, University of Miami and Temple University. She joined BioNews Services to utilize her scientific background and writing skills to help patients and caregivers remain abreast with important scientific breakthroughs.
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Özge has a MSc. in Molecular Genetics from the University of Leicester and a PhD in Developmental Biology from Queen Mary University of London. She worked as a Post-doctoral Research Associate at the University of Leicester for six years in the field of Behavioural Neurology before moving into science communication. She worked as the Research Communication Officer at a London based charity for almost two years.
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Vijaya Iyer is a freelance science writer for BioNews Services. She has contributed content to their several disease-specific websites, including cystic fibrosis, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, among others. She holds a PhD in Microbiology from Kansas State University, where her research focused on molecular biology, bacterial interactions, metabolism, and animal models to study bacterial infections. Following the completion of her PhD, Dr. Iyer went on to complete three postdoctoral fellowships at Kansas State University, University of Miami and Temple University. She joined BioNews Services to utilize her scientific background and writing skills to help patients and caregivers remain abreast with important scientific breakthroughs.
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